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Facts PERU:

 

Capital - Lima

 

Currency - Nuevo Sol (PEN)

 

Official Language - Spanish. Indigeneous Languages; Quehua and Aymara.

 

Religion - predominantly Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%.

 

Electricity - Peru uses 220 volts AC (60 Hz) Electrical adapters.

 

Business Hours - Miraflores is where most shoppers congregate, although there are also several outlets in Lima Centro and elsewhere in the city. Most shops are open from 9:30am to 12:30pm and 3 to 8pm. Banking hours in Peru are normally from Monday to Friday, from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. In addition, most banks open for the public half day on Saturdays.

 

Time Zone - UTC/GMT -05:00 No daylight saving time at this moment.

 

Passports - USA Citizens and/or Residents require just a passport and do NOT need a Visa to enter Peru.

 

Emergencies - Call the traveler's hot line at tel. 01/574-8000, or the tourist police at tel. 01/225-8698 or 01/225-8699. The general police emergency number is tel. 105; for fire, dial tel. 116.

 

If a crime is committed against you while you are in Peru, contact the Tourism Police in the following locations:

- Cuzco - (084) 24-9654 - Open 24 horas

- Lima - (51 1) 476-9879 - Open from 8am-10pm

- Nazca - (034) 52-2442 / 52-2450 - Open 24 horas

 

Water - Don't drink tap water. Stick to bottled water and ask for drinks without ice (sin hielo) mainly while in the Amazon and/or rural areas.

 

We strongly suggest you buy Travel Insurance before departing the US. Please contact us for more information, we can help you buy Travel Insurance in less than 5 minutes.

About PERU:

 

Ancient cultures and a rich colonial tradition, Peru is a magical spot which involves one of the richest biodiversities of the Earth. Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations.

 

Peru also holds sway over the sea up to 200 miles from the Peruvian coast and has territorial rights to an area of 60 million hectares in the Antarctic.

 

Peru is divided into 24 regions.

 

Lima is the capital of Peru.

 

Despite its rugged territory, this country is the cradle of highly developed cultures - the most famous being, the Inca civilization. These cultures thrived thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. As time has passed, the archeological remains of these cultures form the main tourists' attractions of the country and they are the reason that millions visit.

 

Cuzco is the capital of the Incan Empire and where the main archeological remains are located. Nearby ruins are Sacsayhuaman, Pisac, Ollantaytambo and Koricancha. It is here that myth and history merge, and where the "Inca Trail" begins. Other important Andean cities are Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huancayo, Huaraz, Arequipa and Puno at the shores of the spectacular Lago Titicaca.

 

The highlight of many travelers is Machu Picchu, a train ride from Cuzco, considered by many to be the 8th wonder of the world.

 

The most common way to get there is to take the train from Cuzco which last three and half hours. A morning ride to explore the ruins for a few hours and then return to Cuzco in the afternoon is a typical Full Day excursion.

 

Another option is to hike the Inca Trail, on either a four-day or two-day version, both requiring you to be reasonably fit, and takes a few days, sleeping in tents.

 

To the south, the Nazca people (200 BC-900 AD) etched an impressive series of figures into  the desert floor known today as the Nazca Lines. These gigantic forms illustrate hundreds of individual figures, ranging in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, and lizards. They cannot be recognized as coherent figures except from the air. Since it is presumed the Nazca people could never have seen their work from this vantage point, there has been much speculation on the builders' abilities and motivations.

 

Coastal Trujillo and Piura in the North offer beautiful beaches. It is also a popular place for windsurfing. The oceanwater is clean and crystal-clear at most places.

 

Also, in the north are the cities of Chiclayo and Tumbes. Near Trujillo is Chan Chan, the largest pre-columbian mud city in the world and north of Chiclayo is the burial site of the Lord of Sipan, whose finding in 1987, constituted the archeological discovery of the century in Peru.

 

The Amazon River finds its roots in Peru, and most of the Peruvian Selva or Amazon Jungle is still unspoiled. This isolated rain forest region encompasses the eastern part of Peru, and takes almost 60% of the country.

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